Also Known as:
The name prawn applies to over 200 species of fresh water prawn and is often used to describe large shrimp in the United States and shrimp in general in England.
All true prawns are members of the Palaemonidae family. Prawns prefer fresh water environs but most of them are tolerant of saltwater. They can grow to lengths over 30 cm (1 ft) however they are harvested at half that size.
The tail is the only edible part of the prawn. Prawns are decapod crustaceans, belonging to the sub-order Dendrobranchiata. The term "prawn" is also used in various contexts for other animals, especially caridean shrimp.
They are found worldwide and include commercially significant species, such as the white leg shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei, Atlantic white shrimp Penaeus setiferus, Indian prawn Fenneropenaeus indicus, giant river prawn Macro brachium rosenbergii and tiger prawn Penaeus monodon.
Prawns usually have claws on three pairs of their legs. Prawns feature lamellar gills, which are plate-like in structure. Prawns and shrimp are among the most popular types of seafood. The meat has a sweet, delicate flavor and is considered to be a healthy diet choice.
They are a rich source of calcium, protein and antioxidants like selenium.